Back in March, one of my columns was titled “The Electoral College is uniquely American.” This column was written because there were growing discussions in the Democratic party on how they could eliminate the Electoral College and simply elect the president by popular vote.

Most will remember that Hillary Clinton won the popular vote by several million votes, but Donald Trump won the Electoral College vote by a substantial margin, thus becoming the president of the United States.

These discussions on the elimination of this constitutional provision have continued and are even more serious today. If the Democrats are successful in this effort they will diminish America, and your freedoms, as they have existed since the summer of 1787, the year the Constitution was being debated — then adopted. The issue today is the same as it was in 1787 as the Founders debating the issue of small states versus large states.

This issue was finally resolved by a compromise between the small states — Delaware, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Maryland and several others — and the large states — Virginia, New York, Pennsylvania, Georgia among others. Without the Electoral College the small states would have been dominated by the large states with their larger populations, as they would be today, should the Electoral College be eliminated. And without this major compromise between the small and more populous states there would not have been any United States of America.

This Electoral College compromise is spelled out in Article II, Section one of the Constitution. Per Article I, Section 1 each state received one congressman for every 30,000 citizens (today that number is approximately 700,000). Per Article I, Section 2 each state is allowed two senators. Then in Article II each state was given one “elector” for each member of Congress. Following a presidential election, as spelled out in Article II, Section 1, the states then send their “electors” to Washington where the electoral votes are counted, the same as they are today, with the candidate receiving the most electoral votes declared president. Amendment XII, adopted in 1804, goes into more detail on how the electoral system works out.

Many Americans today think that America is a democracy. It is not; it is a republic, and those who take the time to study and ponder the writings of the Founding Fathers, especially Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence, understand that the foundational laws of America are centered around the Law of Nature’s God, those laws that Moses carried off Mt. Sinai and are spelled out in the Bibles’ Old Testament. Add to Jefferson’s writing the writing of George Washington and James Madison, and one soon feels the presence of God in the creation of America’s two foundational laws and documents.

Paragraph four of the Declaration is my favorite source for this Godly feeling. It begins with these words: “We, therefore, the Representative of these united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do …” Who is this “Supreme Judge of the world that the Founders were appealing to? It is God himself. Supporting scriptures comes from Doctrine and Covenants 101:77-80. It reads: “According to the laws and constitution of the people, which I have suffered to be established, and should be maintained for the rights and protection of all flesh, according to just and holy principles; That every man may act in doctrine and principle pertaining to futurity, according to the moral agency which I have given unto him, that every man may be accountable for his own sins in the day of judgment. Therefore, it is not right that any man should be in bondage one to another. And for this purpose have I established the Constitution of this land, by the hands of wise men whom I raised up unto this very purpose, and redeemed the land by the shedding of blood.” God was indeed involved!

With the socialist left determined to turn the U.S. into a socialist nation, freedom loving Americans must become more knowledgeable of America’s history, especially of its two founding documents, the Declaration of Independence and Constitution. Two of my sources to study America’s history include The National Center for Constitutional Studies, which can be found at, and Hillsdale College, found at Both will be helpful in reviewing the constitutional history of our United States of America.

Donald Conkey is a retired agricultural economist who lives in Woodstock.

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